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BEFORE THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD
and Case 13-RC-121359
COLLEGE ATHLETES PLAYERS
NOTICE AND INVITATION TO FILE BRIEFS
On April 24, 2014, the Board (Members Hirozawa, Johnson and Schiffer) granted
Northwestern University’s Request for Review of the Regional Director’s Decision and
Direction of Election because it raised substantial issues warranting review, and indicated that it
would establish a schedule for the filing of briefs on review and amicus briefs.
The Board invites the filing of briefs in order to afford the parties and interested amici the
opportunity to address issues raised in this case.
The parties and amici specifically are invited to address one or more of the following
questions, in addition to any other issues raised:
football players are “employees” within the meaning of Section 2(3) of the Act, and
what is the proper result here, applying the appropriate test?
2. Insofar as the Board’s decision in Brown University, 342 NLRB 483 (2004), may be
applicable to this case, should the Board adhere to, modify, or overrule the test of
employee status applied in that case, and if so, on what basis?
3. What policy considerations are relevant to the Board’s determination of whether
grant-in-aid scholarship football players are “employees” within the meaning of
Section 2(3) of the Act and what result do they suggest here?
4. To what extent, if any, is the existence or absence of determinations regarding
employee status of grant-in-aid scholarship football players under other federal or
state statutes or regulations relevant to whether such players are “employees” under
5. To what extent are the employment discrimination provisions of Title VII, in
comparison to the antidiscrimination provisions of Title IX of the Education
Amendments Act of 1972, relevant to whether grant-in-aid scholarship football
players are “employees” under the Act?
6. If grant-in-aid scholarship football players are “employees” under the Act, to what
extent, if any, should the Board consider, in determining the parties’ collectivebargaining
obligations, the existence of outside constraints that may alter the ability
of the parties to engage in collective bargaining as to certain terms and conditions of
employment? What, if any, should be the impact of such constraints on the parties’
bargaining obligations? In the alternative, should the Board recognize grant-in-aid
scholarship football players as “employees” under the Act, but preclude them from
being represented in any bargaining unit or engaging in any collective bargaining, as
is the case with confidential employees under Board law?
The parties may file briefs on review, not exceeding 50 pages in length, with the Board in
Washington, D.C. on or before June 26, 2014. Interested amici may file briefs not exceeding 30
pages in length on or before the same date. The parties may file responsive briefs before July 10,
2014, which shall not exceed 25 pages in length. No other responsive briefs will be accepted.
The parties and amici shall file briefs electronically by going to www.nlrb.gov and clicking on
“E-File Documents.” Parties and amici are reminded to serve all case participants. A list of
case participants may be found at http://www.nlrb.gov/case/13-RC-121359 under the heading
“Service Documents.” If assistance is needed in E-Filing on the Agency’s website, please
contact the Office of Executive Secretary at 202-273-1940 or the undersigned at 202-273-3737.
Dated, Washington, D.C., May 12, 2014.
By direction of the Board: